Learn About Your Diabetic Medications

Diabetes is a leading cause of death worldwide, affecting people of all ages, gender, religion, and walk of life. Given this, it is very important to know that diabetes is a manageable disease especially with the right choice of drugs against diabetes.

Type 2 Diabetes is a condition caused by extremely high sugar levels in the blood. That's why Type 2 diabetic drugs are primarily intended to reduce sugar levels in the blood.

type 2 diabetes medications

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Some of the drugs also aim to prevent various complications of diabetes affecting the eyes, kidneys, and cardiovascular system. Here is the list of common classifications of drugs against diabetes prescribed for type 2 diabetes.

Insulin – Insulin is the hormone that allows blood sugar to enter the cells to use for energy production. Type 2 diabetes use insulin when they do not respond well to drugs against oral diabetes.

Sulfonylureas – Sulfonylureas are drugs that stimulate the beta cells of the pancreas to produce more insulin. These drugs are often the first diabetes medications prescribed for type 2 diabetes include common sulfonylureas glibenclamide, glipizide, and Gliquidone.

Biguanide – Biguanide metformin is the most commonly prescribed. Biguanides act on the liver to reduce glucose production or sugar. These drugs against diabetes are used in cases of type 2 diabetes, particularly in obese patients.

Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors – Inhibitors of alpha-glucosidase function by interfering with the digestion of carbohydrates in the small intestine to reduce the glucose transported into the bloodstream.